Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in the United States. With early detection and treatment, glaucoma can usually be controlled and blindness prevented.
Glaucoma can affect anyone from newborn infants to the elderly. It has been estimated that up to 3 million Americans have glaucoma. At least half of those people do not know they have it because glaucoma usually has no symptoms. People who are at a greater risk for glaucoma usually have the following conditions:
- Family history of glaucoma
- Abnormally high eye pressure
- African descent
- Previous eye injury
- Regular, long-term use of cortisone/steroid products
To detect glaucoma, your physician will test your visual acuity, visual field, dilate your pupils and test the pressure in your eye. Vision that has been destroyed by glaucoma cannot be restored, therefore is is extremely important to have regular and complete eye exams help to monitor the changes in your eyesight.
The doctors at The Eye Institute use various treatments to control glaucoma including medications in the form of either eye drops or pills, laser surgery and conventional surgery.